DNA analysis of human remains found in the Rup Kand lake, known as ‘Structure Lake’ in the Himalayan mountain range, shows that its history is much older than archeology.
Since the late 19th century, rumors have been circulating that hundreds of human structures exist on the banks of this glacial lake in the midst of troubled mountains.
By the middle of the 20th century, 500 human structures were found from the lake. In the 1960s, when their carcinoma was analyzed, it was discovered that many of these bones belonged to humans who belonged to the first century CE. From the number of people killed in avalanche to the collapse of a major snowstorm, the idea of these remains remains unclear.
DNA analysis done by scientists from India, the US and Germany provided researchers with an indication of the lake’s ecosystem, but the results of this study raised further questions for scientists.
Harvard Medical School gynecologist David Reich says that “DNA analysis and analysis of stable isotopes of the remains made it possible to determine their age, diet and radio carbon history. Know the history of Rupkund Lake which is more complicated than we expected. ‘
How did these structures appear on the surface and banks of the lake?
During this research, DNA of a total of 23 male and 15 female structures was found near the lake. The genomes of 38 of them (the basic pair of chromosomes, including genes in any gene), were compared with data from 1521 ancient people, and 7985 from modern-day individuals.
Research on the structures of these 38 individuals revealed that they belonged to the present three genetic groups. Of these 38, 23 belonged to the far-flung genetic group in India. Whereas, the remains of 14 people were genetically similar to those living in modern Greece and Crete.
The genetic variation of an individual’s remains was similar to that of those living in Southeast Asia. All these people had different ages. The genome remains similar to those of Southeast Asia date back to the 7th to the 10th centuries.
Obviously, they all died at different times. As scientists emphasize, they cannot all die at the same time. For example, some of them may have been hit by an avalanche or some other natural disaster.
The genotype remnants of the group resembling those living in the eastern Mediterranean also had different ages. Their history dates from the 17th to the 20th century.
None of these 23 men and 15 women were related, some died in puberty while some died in old age.
Harvard University’s evolutionary and biological expert Aidan Harney says, “Presumably the presence of people coming from the Eastern Mediterranean suggests that for some reason the locals knew not only the locals but also the world. Attracted people from other regions of the country. ‘
One of the authors of the study, geneticist Neeraj Rai, says that scientists have not yet received a question as to why people in the Mediterranean came to the lake.
An analysis of stable isotopes, used in diet determination, testifies in favor of the position that they were individuals from different regions of the world. The inhabitants of the Mediterranean mainly ate wheat, barley or rice, and animal meat, while the inhabitants of South Asia also ate livestock, millet or meat.
Researchers have found no evidence that the deaths could be related to an outbreak.
he existence of these structures is justified on the basis of various assumptions. The study says that the local proverb is famous’ The visit to the holy sanctuary of the Nanda Devi of the mountains was not far from the lake. The king and queen were led by the visitors who came here, and these visitors became indignant and angry at Nanda Devi for their inappropriate behavior.
Believers of Nanda Devi are still here today. In Chamoli district of the Indian state of Uttarakhand, a procession is held every 12 years for several days to worship Nanda Devi. Rupkund Lake is located on the right-hand side of this procession.
However, according to William Seek, author of a book about visiting the Dean of the Anthropology and the followers of Nanda Devi at the University of Heidelberg, the story does not exist in light of new research results.
He himself visited the lake three times, the last time he was accompanied by the National Geographic TV team in 2004 and according to him, the lake has no special significance in the shrines of today’s Hindu religion. As the scientist told National Geographic magazine, zeros usually stayed on the lake because they were elevated and had to travel long distances.
But the lake has never been important or sacred to visitors, William says. He added, “Rather, it is a dirty and dark place.”
As scientists have recently examined the structures of only 38 people, it is likely that the lake also contains the remains of people of different races. Maybe we will never know what drew so many people to Rupkund Lake. However, scientists hope that further review will help solve this lake’s puzzle.
Next year, an expedition will depart for the lake, which will study the antiquities in and around the lake.